John 20-21

The climax of Christianity is often thought to be the cross.  However, John provided clues throughout his Gospel that would indicate otherwise.  According to him, Jesus had told the Jews—who asked for a sign of authority from the One who drove the money changers and animals from their temple—“destroy this … Continue reading

John 18-19

Throughout his Gospel, John detailed the sovereignty of the Son of God.  Jesus was in perfect control of all the events of His public ministry, keeping in step with the will of the Father and resolutely maintaining the divine timetable that would culminate in His “hour” (cf. 2.4; 7.30; 8.20; … Continue reading

John 17

John 17 is one of the most theologically rich passages in the New Testament.  Here John provides a window into the intra-Trinitarian relationship between the Father and the Son.  While Jesus’ prayer has great doctrinal significance on its own merit, it is also a fitting culmination of the Farewell Discourse. … Continue reading

John 15-16

These chapters are often viewed as a devotional goldmine; this is a place where believers come to find inspiration from Jesus.  But any interpretation of the rich themes of John 15-16 must be considered within the framework of the Farewell Discourse.  Here Jesus was preparing His disciples for the formation … Continue reading

John 13-14

These chapters begin what is referred to as the Upper-Room or Farewell Discourse, concluding at the end of ch 17.  Here John recorded some of the most intimate words in all of the Gospels; here Jesus fully disclosed Himself and His mission to the disciples.  In chs 13-14, Jesus prepared … Continue reading

John 11-12

John 11-12 is a composite of two themes significant for this Gospel: life and death.  Here Jesus raised Lazarus from the dead (ch 11), and then went on to predict His own death (ch 12).  These scenes manifest the reality of Jesus’ earlier statements: “just as the Father raised the … Continue reading

John 9-10

John arranged his Gospel such that the miracles Jesus performed were a springboard for His messages about revelation and redemption.  The sixth miracle though provided an opportunity for the healed-one to give the message about Jesus.  After the blind man received his sight, Jesus said little to His opponents; the … Continue reading

John 7-8

As one moves through the Gospels, they realize the rising tension between the Jewish leaders and Jesus.  Yet Jesus saw Himself not as merely an opponent of the Jewish leaders, but as the fulfillment of Judaism itself.  He was not simply on a mission of dialectics; His coming was rather … Continue reading

John 6

The scenes in John 6 are further presentations of the apostle’s theme: Jesus’ signs and sermons reveal Him as God’s agent of redemption.  The fourth and fifth ‘signs’ Jesus performed—feeding of the 5,000 and walking on water—are arranged in a ‘sandwich’ format that reveals the degree to which the surrounding … Continue reading

John 4-5

These chapters are paramount for both Biblical and Systematic Theology.  Here the apostle presented Jesus’ explanation of the shift in salvation history marked by His entrance into the world, and the doctrinal implications of the incarnation; it is no wonder that most confessions of faith cite these texts at some … Continue reading

John 3

In John 3 the apostle provides a picture of contrast; Nicodemus, “the teacher of Israel” (v. 10), did not understand the relationship between rebirth by the Spirit and the kingdom of God inaugurated by the Messiah, while John the Baptist rightly appraised his own role in light of Christ’s coming. … Continue reading

John 1-2

The fourth Gospel is the revelation of the Son of God, and the redemption He has accomplished for all those who believe in Him—even Gentiles.  While John’s Gospel has long been recommended as an apt starting point for those new to the Christian faith, even those who have walked with … Continue reading