Exodus 35-40

These chapters portray Israel at her best, foreshadowing the pinnacle of the Old Testament—when Solomon dedicated the temple (1 Kings 8). In short, Israel’s glory at the conclusion of Exodus is linked with the faithful contribution of both treasures and talents for the completion of the tabernacle. The freewill offerings … Continue reading

Exodus 32-34; Psalm 119:33-56

The previous chapters of Exodus have portrayed God’s jealousy in a ‘positive’ light. But when God’s covenant partners forget His goodness, grow impatient, and act unfaithfully, God’s jealousy takes on a corrective tone. Yet the LORD does not discipline His people arbitrarily; He reprimands them within the covenant framework—that their … Continue reading

Exodus 25-31

These chapters of Exodus—as is the case throughout the book—present God as jealous for His people. God’s desire to be recognized among the people of Israel was His motivation for ordaining the Old Testament tabernacle. As Israel traveled toward Canaan the tabernacle would remind them of God’s special dwelling with … Continue reading

Exodus 5:1-7:13

In the flow of Exodus these scenes seem out of place; at the conclusion of Exodus 4 it is clear that: 1) God was ready to deliver Israel (cf. 2.23; 4.31); 2) the miracles shown to Moses displayed God’s ability to overcome Pharaoh’s stubbornness; and 3) Moses was a willing … Continue reading

Exodus 1-4

The initial scenes of the book of Exodus were predicted in Genesis 15; just after God instituted the Abrahamic covenant, the text records: “Then the LORD said to Abram, ‘Know this for certain: your offspring will be strangers in a land that does not belong to them; they will be … Continue reading